Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose (23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945) was an Indian revolutionary who attempted to rid India of British rule with the help of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan. There are several facts about him that many of you do not know. Here are 10 facts about him that you may don’t know.
1. Patriot Of Patriot
A patriot is someone who loves and who has sometimes fought for their country. The word Patriot comes from Patrios (Greek, not Latin for once), which means “of one’s father.” Although Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was opposed to Gandhi Ji’s philosophies, he still used to call him’Patriot of Patriots”. This honor was commendable as Bose was committed fully to the cause of Indian Independence. There was no sacrifice that he didn’t make for his nation. Till this day, he is regarded as one of the most patriotic figures to inspire thousands of young men and women.
2. Birth & Family Details
Subhash Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 (at 12.10 pm) in Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal Province, to Prabhavati Dutt Bose and Janakinath Bose, an advocate belonging to a Kayastha family. He was the ninth in a family of 14 children. He was married to a beautiful Austrian woman Emille Shinken. Her daughter’s name was Anita Bose who became a popular economist in Germany. During his time in Germany, apparently, Netaji was allowed to leave India only after the German surrendered in Stalingrad. Netaji boarded a submarine in 1943, leaving behind his wife and only child in Germany.
3. Why Is He Called ‘Netaji’
Subhash Chandra Bose was chosen with pounding larger part as the President of the Indian National Congress in the Tripura Session. From that point onward, he came to be known as the Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. He is popularly and fondly called as “Netaji” by his followers.
4. Who Gave The Title “Netaji’& Why Is It Became Popular
Adolf Hitler was the person that gave the surname ‘Netaji’ to Subhash Chandra Bose. Netaji was highly popular for his slogan ‘Tum Mujhe Khoon do, Main the Azadi doonga’ and ‘Jai Hind’ that was adopted by the Government of India and even the Indian Armed Forces. He is given the title of ‘Father of Indian National Army’ as he is the one who started and led Azad Hind Fauz, the only armed force to fight against the British.
5. “Enemy’s Enemy Is Friend”
When Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose realized that the British Government would have to be forced hard to leave India, he decided that his enemy’s enemy was his friend and visited Germany and Japan to get their assistance. He took help of them and formed Azad Hind Fauj and fought against the Allied force. Along with the Japanese army, they brought independence to Andaman and Nicobar Island and came to Manipur. But till that time Japan had grown weak and after it’s withdrawal from World War II, the Azad Hind Fauj had to retreat and disband.
6. Went Against Governor General
There was one incident where regarded as a brave person, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose even refused to obey the custom of carrying umbrella while meeting the Governor General at his office after being successful in Indian Civil Services examination. When the Governor General objected at this scene, he asked him to explain his behavior. He dared to put the umbrella around the neck of British Governor General and warned him to mind his behavior. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was a completely disciplined person and could not tolerate any misbehavior.
7. Newspaper Editor
Netaji was the editor in chief of the newspaper “Forward”. He was made to be exposed sometimes in writing jobs but later on, managed to open his own newspaper called Swaraj.
8. Forward Bloc
The All India Forward Bloc was founded by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. His elder brother Sarat Chandra Bose and Chitta Basu had been important members of it in independent India. It had its main stronghold in West Bengal. He travelled around the country, rallying support for his new political project. They held their first All India bloc meeting in Nagpur. In August 1942, the British banned the All India Bloc. Inside India, local activists of the Forward Bloc continued the anti-British activities.
9. Brilliant Result In ICS Examination
After completing the graduation, Netaji went to England to appear for the ICS exams to fulfill the promise he had made to his father. As expected, he performed excellently and came 4th on the merit list. He wasn’t too happy about this as he did not want to work for the government that he had grown to hate. The Jalianwalla Bagh Massacre had left a mark on his memory and in 1921 he decided to resign from ICS while still undergoing his internship.
10. The Mystery Of His Death
The real reason behind Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s death is a mystery. Some people say that he died out of the plane crash in Taipei, Taiwan. Some say that he did not die. On August 18 1945, nobody was recovered and only some ashes were taken to Japan. Over the years his death has been a mystery as speculations have been made that he didn’t die at all and lived on in Russia and later in India, he took sanyas and resided in U.P by the name of Bhagwanji or Gumnami Baba. He is assumed to be dead in Faizabad in 1985. It is said that Bhagwanji looked exactly same like Bose and his writing also matched that of Netaji’s. On four separate occasions, he himself admitted that he was Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose but that it was in the best interest of the nation that he stays anonymous. The alleged plane crash doesn’t even exist in the Taiwanese records. Till this very day, no genuine conclusion can be derived.
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